Installing through the Konsole
Ok, sometime in your use of Linux you’re probably going to want to install something that isn’t in the Adept package manager. The first thing I couldn’t find in Adept was Skype. For those of you who already know what Synaptic is, yes I checked in Synaptic. (We’ll cover Synaptic in the next post). For this post we’re going to install Skype without Adept.
Kubuntu comes with a command line console appropriately named Konsole. You can use this for a number of things, like running programs and such. (Like one time I knew I had installed The GIMP, but I couldn’t find it in the K menu. So I just opened up Konsole and typed ‘gimp’. That was the name of the program, so it ran it. For a while that’s the only way I could run The GIMP.)
Ok, in order to pop up the Konsole you open up the K menu, go to Administration, and then click the Konsole button. There’s a way to do it from the keyboard, but my Linux PC isn’t working so I’m doing this from memory. (Don’t worry nothing I tell you will make your PC blow up =D)
Ok, when it pops up, minimize it. We’re going to use it later. Now go here and download the Debian package. Save it wherever you want, but make sure you know where it is. Then open the console up again. Now, type this in: “su dpkg -i ‘path to the package’/skype_184.108.40.206-2_i386.deb” (Without quotes of course). Put the path to the package where the ‘path to the package’ is. No single quotes. So if you installed it to the desktop, you would type su dkpg -i /home/
Installing Firefox and Gaim
Well, now that you’ve got Kubuntu installed, you’re going to want a browser. And a chat program. Unless you need none of these things. So forget this if you don’t want/need them.
Now, Kubuntu comes with a browser, Konquerer. But I don’t like it. I like Firefox better. So for this we’re going to install it. Click the ‘K’ button at the bottom right corner. Then go up to System. Look around inside the menu until you see Adept. That’s your package manager. It lists packages (programs and libraries and such) available for download/upgrade. It then if you tell it to will download and compile and install them. It’s very useful, so you’ll want to check there for any programs you might want.
Now, click the icon. Then it should pop open a window that has some words in it and a password box. Type in the password you picked in your installation. This is your password, but it’s also the root password. Root is like Windows Administrator, but more powerful. Easier to use, too. Put the password in and hit Ok. Then, Adept should pop up.
Near the top is a seach box. Type in ‘firefox’, exactly like that. It’s caps-sensitive. It should find it. Click it, then inside the menu that opens up, click install.
Then go back to the search box. Type ‘gaim’, again, exactly like that. It should find gaim. Do the same thing as with Firefox. Then go up to the top where it says Apply Changes. Click it. It should go through some stuff and tell you it’s done. Then go back to ‘K’. Open Internet. Firefox and Gaim should be there. Get surfing and chatting!!
Installing Kubuntu Linux
For this article you will need:
An internet connection (assuming you do, seeing as how you’re reading this)
A browser (ditto)
A CD-ROM that can burn CDs
Professional cd burning software such as Nero/the Nero demo
A blank cd
This part of the article is for those who want to install Linux on a seperate hard drive and keep Windows (or other OS). You’re going to need an extra hard drive. If you just want to erase Windows or partition your hard drive (split it in half basically, Windows (or other OS) on one half Linux on the other) then skip on to the next part. Shut your pc down. Take your extra hard drive, and take the case off your pc. Now I’m going to hope you have a slot for another HD, or this isn’t going to work. Put the hard drive above your other one and screw it in. Hook up the cords from the motherboard to the HD and to the other HD, and change (on the back of the hard drive) one of the HDs to either Slave or Cable Select, and have the other one Master. Also the CD-ROM should be Slave. (To change them, you need a pair of pliers, and then pull the little blue plastic square thing off the small wires and put it onto the other desired wires. It may sound confusing, but if you look at it, you’ll hopefully figure it out.) When you do that, make sure it’s all hooked up right, close (or at least prop up so it’s covering the PC’s insides) the case, and start the PC up. You should be able to boot it up and log into Windows or your other OS successfully.
Ok, now we’re assuming that you haven’t got a distro (What’s a distro?), or you want to switch to Kubuntu. Alright, first you want to download the ISO, which is basically the installer, though it’s more complicated than that. Don’t worry though, it’s not too complicated, as you’ll see later on. Ok, go here to download it. Click where you’re from (ex. United States, Europe, etc.). You’ll see where it says Select an Image. Now you’ll notice if you scroll down, you’ll see where it says Live CD. You could install that way, but for now we’ll go with installing it on the PC. We’ll get into Live CDs in a later article. Pick the ISO that applies (if you’re not sure, most likely it will be the one that says PC (Intel x86) unless you’re using a Mac). It should start a download. Wait for it to download, then get your blank cd and pop ‘er in the drive. Then, find where your ISO is saved on your pc (hope you saved it!). I’m going to assume that you have Nero/Nero Demo. Double-click the ISO to open up Nero. Click the Burn button, and wait for it to burn. Take the disk out. Now put it back in (or, if you’re burning from a different pc, which I had to do, take it out and put it in the CD you want to install it on.) Then reboot the pc.
When it starts to boot up, it will boot up to the installation. Go through the installation, answering questions. I can’t predict exactly what will happen, because your pc is probably different from mine. But I can say that it will come to a screen where it will ask you how you want to partition. You can
1) Erase the whole hard drive.
2) Use the remaining space on your hard drive
3) Use your extra hard drive (if you have one installed)
4) Use a certain amount of the remaining space on your hard drive
(these are in no particular order, use common sense to figure out which is which).
Pick the one that applies. It should install some more stuff, then present you with the results of the partition. Accept them (if they are not erroneous) and go on. Eventually it will come to a place where it says the install is finished, but don’t get excited (don’t want you drooling on the keyboard :P). It will then say it has to reboot and install some packages. It will (Duh!). It’ll pretty much install them without you. When it’s done I think it will reboot and then ask you to sign on, but I don’t remember exactly (bear with me, it’s been some time). If not, it’ll just ask you to sign on. Now, enter in your username you picked during the installation, and the password you picked (hope you remember them!). It should sign on. If not, prepare for your pc to be fried! Just kidding (I hope you knew that!). I don’t know what to tell you if it doesn’t work, other than check it some more times, try rebooting, and if all else fails, reinstall. Don’t worry, I had to reinstall about 3-4 times until I got Kubuntu working perfectly (and it wasn’t because I couldn’t sign on!), and a friend of mine, at least 2 (not sure).
Phweew!! If you’ve reached this stage, congratulations!!
You have now joined the Li||_/X 1337 (Linux Leet)!! Well, sort of. Considering that the ‘Linux 1337’ aren’t really ‘1337’, and you’re a ‘n00b’, I guess you’re not 1337. But, celebrate nonetheless, you have Linux installed and working! Check here often for my latest article!
New Blog: Linux Stuff
Well, I started this new blog, Linux Stuff, because I like Linux, and also I wanted people to be able to come here and get help on how to do certain things in Linux, because it’s hard to find stuff about Linux, I know, because when I started out I had to go it alone, mostly. I had some help from friends, but it wasn’t always easy. I want other people just starting out to be able to come here and find (hopefully) the answer to their problem, or at least something that will help.
I prefer/use Kubuntu Linux, at least so far! Most of the articles will be concerning KDE, but I’ll try to include other distros as well, especially if an article about them is requested. By the way, you can contact me at [email protected] for questions/requests, or you can just post comments here. Well, that’s enough for now! Check back soon for my first article on installing Kubuntu Linux.