This article consist some answers to frequently asked questions related to stomach cancer. Read them and add to your knowledge. For more information, consult your doctor.
Question: What is stomach cancer?
Answer: Stomach cancer is when cancer cells start growing inside the stomach. Because this cancer is rarely occur, it is often diagnosed at its last stage and also there is no early symptoms of this disease. Late diagnosing makes it difficult to cure or treat. With the increasing improvement in the methods of preparing and preserving the foods, the rate of stomach cancer reduces. Don’t consider stomach ulcers as stomach cancer, which are very common.
Question: What are the risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
Answer: According to the doctors, number of risk factors that causes stomach cancer includes:
* Diet: Foods that are low in fiber and high in starch such as salted fish, smoked, and pickled vegetables have been found as risk factors.
* Use of tobacco and smoking: Smoking and tobacco use maximize the chances of cancer in the upper digestive tract including stomach.
* Family stomach cancer history: Numerous blood relatives who have had the same cancer increase the risk of an individual.
* Age: After 50, there is a rapid risk of stomach cancer and in most of the cases the disease is diagnosed in late 60s and 80s.
Question: What symptoms show stomach cancer?
Answer: Although symptoms may vary, some common symptoms include:
* Blood in vomiting
* A burning sensation or indigestion
* Loss of appetite
* Abdomen pain or discomfort
* Constipation and diarrhea
* Unexplained weight loss
While these symptoms more often caused by other medical conditions too. Still if you experience any of the above symptoms, you should see your doctor immediately.
Question: Are treatments available for stomach cancer?
Answer: Stomach cancer can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Gastrointestinal cancer is initially treated with surgery. The common treatment is the removal of the entire stomach. However the location of the tumor decides which part or total stomach is removed.
After surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are performed to reduce the risks of recurrence. As per your case, a doctor may perform just one or combination with the therapy to cure cancer.
Question: Is there any side effect of the treatment?
Answer: Depending on the treatment, side effects may vary. Gastrectomy, the most effective stomach cancer treatment where a part of the stomach is removed is a major surgery. In this surgery, patient needs to make changes in his/her diet plan. The medications used in chemotherapy are useful for killing cancer cells but they also damage normal cells of the body that brings side effects like diarrhea, vomiting and nausea, bleeding and lack of appetite, shortness of breath and fatigue.
Question: What are the diagnose tests for stomach cancer?
Answer: Biopsy, EUs (Endoscopic ultrasound), fecal occult blood test, Upper GI series and Upper endoscopy.